geoana.em.static.MagnetostaticSphere.magnetic_flux_density#

MagnetostaticSphere.magnetic_flux_density(xyz, field='all')#

Magnetic flux density for a permeable sphere in a uniform magnetostatic field.

\[\mathbf{B} = \mu \mathbf{H}\]
Parameters
xyz(…, 3) numpy.ndarray

Locations to evaluate at in units m.

field{‘all’, ‘total’, ‘primary’, ‘secondary’}
Returns
Bt, Bp, Bs(…, 3) np.ndarray

If field == “all”

B(…, 3) np.ndarray

If only requesting a single field.

Examples

Here, we define a sphere with permeability mu_sphere in a uniform magnetostatic field with permeability mu_background and plot the total and secondary magnetic flux densities.

>>> import numpy as np
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> from matplotlib import patches
>>> from mpl_toolkits.axes_grid1 import make_axes_locatable
>>> from geoana.em.static import MagnetostaticSphere

Define the sphere.

>>> mu_sphere = 10. ** -1
>>> mu_background = 10. ** -3
>>> radius = 1.0
>>> simulation = MagnetostaticSphere(
>>>     location=None, mu_sphere=mu_sphere, mu_background=mu_background, radius=radius, primary_field=None
>>> )

Now we create a set of gridded locations and compute the magnetic flux densities.

>>> X, Y = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-2*radius, 2*radius, 20), np.linspace(-2*radius, 2*radius, 20))
>>> Z = np.zeros_like(X) + 0.25
>>> xyz = np.stack((X, Y, Z), axis=-1)
>>> bt = simulation.magnetic_flux_density(xyz, field='total')
>>> bs = simulation.magnetic_flux_density(xyz, field='secondary')

Finally, we plot the total and secondary magnetic flux densities.

>>> fig, axs = plt.subplots(1, 2, figsize=(18,12))
>>> titles = ['Total Magnetic Flux Density', 'Secondary Magnetic Flux Density']
>>> for ax, B, title in zip(axs.flatten(), [bt, bs], titles):
>>>     B_amp = np.linalg.norm(B, axis=-1)
>>>     im = ax.pcolor(X, Y, B_amp, shading='auto')
>>>     divider = make_axes_locatable(ax)
>>>     cax = divider.append_axes("right", size="5%", pad=0.05)
>>>     cb = plt.colorbar(im, cax=cax)
>>>     cb.set_label(label= 'Amplitude (T)')
>>>     ax.streamplot(X, Y, B[..., 0], B[..., 1], density=0.75)
>>>     ax.add_patch(patches.Circle((0, 0), radius, fill=False, linestyle='--'))
>>>     ax.set_ylabel('Y coordinate ($m$)')
>>>     ax.set_xlabel('X coordinate ($m$)')
>>>     ax.set_aspect('equal')
>>>     ax.set_title(title)
>>> plt.tight_layout()
>>> plt.show()

(Source code, png, pdf)

../../_images/geoana-em-static-MagnetostaticSphere-magnetic_flux_density-1.png